Bien Pretty Woman


The short story Bien Pretty displays how a man can let his passion hurt a woman. The element their mad love affair lacked was communication. One day Flavio blindsided Lupe with the bomb saying “”I must go. To Mexico”… “My mother wrote me. I have compromises to attend to.” There was a long pause… “My mother writes that my sons-“” It was at this point that Lupe finally found out about Flavios mystery life. This devastated Lupe to the length of their love affair. The brevity of passion that Flavio felt for her was what held him from telling the truth sooner. This relationship was beautiful the passion they held for each other initially

Flavio understood that the moment she knew of his responsibilities, the love they shared would become tainted. His love penetrated so deep that he could not imagine ending the relationship they had. So Flavio waited until he could not wait any longer until he absolutely had to backtrack to his responsibilities as a father

It was Flavio’s mother who pressured him into the decision which seems ironic Scenarios like this in Latino literature illustrate the point of influence that elders have within families and the community. Someone with a more Eurocentric world view may have aligned their values differently. The reason that Flavio cited his mother could also be trying to skirt blame from Lupe. Flavio understood the importance of family in Lupe’s life. By using her mother’s request as reason for returning home it conveyed the importance of his departure. He was not welcoming an argument over whether or not he should leave. He was kindly stating his obligations in a way that would hopefully extract the least pain and anguish from Lupe’s side. Flavio knew that using family as pathos would be the least harmful way to break the news.


The Difference Between a Psychrometer and a Hygrometer


This is something that confuses a lot of people and leaves them unsure of which to get when they are looking to buy one. In reality there is no difference between them, a psychrometer is actually a type of hygrometer.

A hygrometer is a device that is used to measure the moisture content of the air, basically this means the relative humidity and the dew point. There are several different ways that this can be done. The oldest and the most common is to use a dry bulb and a wet bulb thermometer, this is what is known as a psychrometer.

In order to determine the relative humidity and dew point with a psychrometer you need to have a dry bulb thermometer and a wet bulb thermometer so that you can compare the difference. A wet bulb is simply a thermometer that has a muslin that is soaked in water over the bulb part. This works because the latent heat of evaporation will cause the wet bulb temperature to read lower than the dry bulb, this difference can then be used to find the relative humidity and dew point by looking them up in a chart.

Professional weather stations will use a psychrometer to determine the dew point and relative humidity as they are the most accurate option available. They usually do this by having the two thermometers permanently mounted in a Stevenson Screen. It is also possible to do it with a sling psychrometer which is a portable device that holds the two thermometers, when you want to measure the moisture content of the air you spin the psychrometer in order to allow the thermometers to get an accurate temperature reading.

There are other ways that you can measure the moisture content of the air, these include changes in capacitance, resistance or thermal conductivity. These are measured with electronic devices that are usually labelled as hygrometers although you will often see them listed as dew point meters and confusingly sometimes even as psychrometers. The simple answer to the difference between a hygrometer and a psychrometer is that the electronic versions are hygrometers the ones with liquid thermometers are psychrometers.

The next question then is obviously which is the best choice for measuring the moisture content of the air. This will depend on your needs. If you are a meteorologist or somebody else for whom accuracy is the most important consideration you are going to need a psychrometer. There are others who need to determine the moisture content of the air like HVAC technicians and in some cases painters will value convenience over complete accuracy. For them an electronic hygrometer is usually the best option as it is easy to read and it works quickly. For most users you don’t need accuracy to a tenth of a degree so the electronic version is fine.

The best choice if you are somebody who is simply interested in the weather is probably neither a hygrometer or a psychrometer. Most home weather stations have a hygrometer feature and given that they can measure all of the other weather parameters they make a good option for most home users.


A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard – Book Review


Title and Author: A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard- Book Review

Synopsis of Content:

In February 1899 publisher, author and “New Thought” philosopher Elbert Hubbard wrote a very short little story about an event in the Spanish American War. That short story, which when first published in Hubbard’s magazine, Philistine, did not even have a title.

The short inspirational story is about Lt. Andrew Summers Rowan. He was called upon by President McKinley to deliver a special message to General Garcia. Garcia was a key player in the Cuban insurrection forces that the United States allied with during the war. As the war began it was critical for the President to get a message to Garcia to explore an alliance with him in the conflict. Garcia was hold up in the remote jungle in Cuba. No one had direct access to him. There was no way to get mail to him or send a telegraph. No one in the US government actually knew where he was located, or whether he moved regularly.

The President gave Rowan a message in a waterproof bag and directed him to deliver it to Garcia. Rowan asked no questions and made no objections. He left immediately on his mission. Four days later he landed by night on the Cuban coast. He disappeared into the jungle on foot with no assistance, no more information and no way to communicate with the outside world. Three weeks later he came out of the jungle on the other side of the island having delivered the message as ordered.

Hubbard uses this remarkable story to demonstrate the very high value of a man who takes on an assignment, asks no questions, asks for no help, makes no argument that he is not the person for the job, and just does it. He finds Garcia on his own, delivers the message and returns to report success. No objections and no excuses are made.

Such resourcefulness and determination is rare in people. In the essay he goes on to give other examples in everyday business where people given a simpler task make excuses or riddle their boss with questions or expect someone else to do the job for them. He contrasts here the tremendous accomplishment of Rowan with the weak way so many people react when sent on a mission, be it small or large. He discusses how valuable a man like Rowan is – a man (and today it would of course include a woman) who when given a task gets down to it right away and completes it. Such a person is unique and invaluable. Such a person rarely finds himself unemployed. People like this are in high demand everywhere and at every time.

Within a short time publishers were bombarding Hubbard for copies of the story. The NY Central Railroad ordered a hundred thousand copies. Eventually they published over three and a half million copies. The director of the Russian railway liked the story so much he had it translated into Russian and given to every employee of the railroad.

The story traveled from Russia to Germany, then to France, Spain, Turkey, Hindustan and China – in all these places it was published and sold by the thousands.

During the Russo-Japanese war the Russian government provided a copy to every Russian soldier. When the Japanese found it they translated into Japanese and gave it to every Japanese soldier. Ultimately over 40 million copies of this little story were printed and distributed.

During the first quarter of the 20th century this little story became one of the most inspirational stories published in the world. It was written in one hour and takes less than a half hour to read. Yet it provides a profound instruction on how to become an invaluable employee and an inspiration to anyone who seeks to achieve great things.


Just as it did in 1899 A Message to Garcia is both a tremendous instructional manual on how one can become an invaluable servant of others and an inspirational piece. Everyone can benefit from spending a few minutes to read it.

Readability/Writing Quality:

The story is short and well written.

Notes on Author:

Elbert Hubbard was born in Illinois and with only a grade school education he became a successful self-made man. He was a voracious reader who continually improved his own skills and knowledge. He created the Roycroft Shop, a publishing house. He wrote 182 biographies of successful people. He published two magazines, The Philistine and The Fra. Hubbard and his wife died on the way to England in 1915 while sailing on the Lusitania which was sunk by a German torpedo.

Three Great Ideas You Can Use:

1. When given a task to perform do not object, delay or seek help. Rather, demonstrate how reliable you are by performing the task competently and speedily so that you will be seen as a reliable person.

2. Do not make excuses. Get the job done and done right. It will pay you back a hundred fold.

3. No one is highly rewarded for mediocre or “satisfactory” work. We are rewarded for doing more than we are asked to do, doing it more competently than one might expect and doing it fully. If you want to succeed in business and in life you must stand out as someone who will do more than the average person.

Publication Information:

A Message to Garcia is in the public domain. The pamphlet version I read is published by Executive Books in 2002.